equinus varus or the sole of the foot even to the varus horseshoe shaped, it is one of the most common congenital malformation, its incidence is about 1/1000, baby baby male than female. Some scholars think that the deformity of early embryonic development by internal and external factors resulting in abnormal development imbalance or muscle development. May also be associated with fetal foot inside the womb malposition, so how to judge whether the newborn with strephenopodia? Small make up several method for everyone want to be able to help you.
a check calf: carefully check whether the baby calf length, size is consistent, the existence of rotation ( Internal rotation) , crus muscle tone.
2 it is to check the ankle, see if there are any eversion baby back and difficult.
three is to check the foot, observing the baby’s foot size are consistent, whether the arch contour, plantar fascia tension are consistent, whether the toe joint contracture, toe joint limited if there is a stretch.
4 it is to observe the walking gait without exception, anomaly characterized by rapid walking easier to induce in plantar flexion, next crouching posture abnormal, the inside foot and ankle can’t completely against the ground.
if the child is assessed by the simple found to have abnormal situation, should take children to the hospital as early as possible specialized examination, diagnosis and treatment as soon as possible. In addition, equinus consists of two kinds of congenital malformations and ankle area damage. Is one of the most common birth defects, after the birth of the deformity. Condition has a genetic component, due to the formation of the horseshoe varus foot foot imbalance muscle strength, namely varus muscle ( The tibialis anterior muscle and posterior tibial) Strong and shortening, valgus muscle ( Peroneus) Weak and elongate, plantar flexors ( Leg triceps) Stronger than the foot back flexors ( Pretibial muscle) 。 Muscle imbalances for the formation of joint deformity, on the basis of deformed load cause deformities is more serious.
but, thankfully, mild and moderate strephenopodia baby if in newborn babies or young children can be found and accepted norms of orthodontic treatment, the vast majority of the baby can get normal appearance and function. If missed the optimal timing of orthopaedic, as the growth of the age, children with equinus occur bone disorder, or lead to deformity and chronic horseshoe varus foot, will eventually cause the body’s disability, exterior deformation, limping. Therefore, early detection of congenital horseshoe varus foot, early intervention treatment, is the key of the children had good curative effect.